By | March 5, 2023

The FASER collaboration has made its first observation of neutrinos produced at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) during its measurement campaign, with statistical significance exceeding the threshold for a particle physics discovery. The observation includes muon neutrinos and candidate electron neutrinos events. In addition, the collaboration presented results on searches for dark photons, allowing the exclusion of regions motivated by dark matter. FASER aims to collect more data to enable more searches and neutrino measurements. The detection of neutrinos produced in proton collisions at the LHC can contribute to the study of high-energy neutrinos from astrophysical sources and test the universality of the interaction mechanism of different neutrino species.

The first observation of colliding neutrinos at the LHC paves the way for exploring new physics scenarios.

Although neutrinos produced abundantly in collisions at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC), so far no neutrinos produced in such a way had been detected. Within just nine months after start of LHC Run 3 and the start of its measurement campaign, the PHASES collaboration changed this picture by announcing their first observation of colliding neutrinos at this year’s electroweak session of the Rencontres de Moriond. In particular, FASER observed muon neutrinos and candidate events of electron neutrinos. “Our statistical significance is about 16 sigma, which far exceeds it 5 sigmathe threshold of a particle physics discovery,” explains FASER co-spokesman Jamie Boyd.

In addition to its observation of neutrinos at a particle collider, FASER presented results on searches for dark photons. With a null result, the collaboration was able to set limits on previously unexplored parameter space and began to rule out regions motivated by dark matter. FASER aims to collect up to ten times more data in the coming years, enabling more searches and neutrino measurements.

FASER is one of two new experiments located on either side of the ATLAS cavern to detect neutrinos produced in proton collisions in ATLAS. The complementary experiment, [email protected], also reported their first results at Moriond, which showed eight muon neutrino candidate events. “We are still working to assess the systematic uncertainties in the background. As a very preliminary result, our observation can be claimed at the 5 sigma level,” adds [email protected] spokesperson Giovanni De Lellis. The [email protected] detector was installed in the LHC tunnel just in time for the start of LHC Run 3.

Until now, neutrino experiments have only studied neutrinos coming from space, Earth, nuclear reactors, or experiments with fixed targets. While astrophysical neutrinos are very energetic, such as those detectable by the IceCube experiment at the South Pole, solar and reactor neutrinos are generally lower in energy. Neutrinos in experiments with fixed targets, such as those from


Founded in 1954 and headquartered in Geneva, Switzerland, CERN is a European research organization that operates the Large Hadron Collider (LHC), the largest particle physics laboratory in the world. Its full name is the European Organization for Nuclear Research (French: Organization européenne pour la recherche nucléaire) and the CERN abbreviation comes from the French Conseil Européen pour la Recherche Nucléaire. CERN’s main mission is to study the fundamental structure of the universe through the use of advanced particle accelerators and detectors.

” data-gt-translate-attributes=”[{” attribute=””>CERN North and former West Areas, are in the energy region of up to a few hundred gigaelectronvolts (GeV). FASER and [email protected] will narrow the gap between fixed-target neutrinos and astrophysical neutrinos, and covers a much higher energy range – between a few hundred GeV and several TeV.

One of the unexplored physics topics to which they will contribute is the study of high-energy neutrinos from astrophysical sources. In fact, the production mechanism of the neutrinos at the LHC, as well as their center-of-mass energy, is the same as that of the very high-energy neutrinos produced in cosmic ray collisions with the atmosphere. These “atmospheric” neutrinos form a background for the observation of astrophysical neutrinos: the measurements of FASER and [email protected] can be used to accurately estimate that background, paving the way for the observation of astrophysical neutrinos.

Another application of these searches is to measure the production rate of all three types of neutrinos. The experiments will test the universality of their interaction mechanism by measuring the ratio of different neutrinos


A species is a group of living organisms that share a set of common characteristics and are capable of breeding and producing fertile offspring. The concept of species is important in biology because it is used to classify and organize the diversity of life. There are different ways to define a species, but the most accepted is the biological species concept, which defines a species as a group of organisms that can interbreed and produce viable offspring in nature. This definition is widely used in evolutionary biology and ecology to identify and classify living organisms.

” data-gt-translate-attributes=”[{” attribute=””>species produced by the same type of parent particle. This will be an important test of the Standard Model in the neutrino sector.

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